We moved to the American Redoubt 5 years ago, from Northern California. We wanted one thing situated away from any significant cities, with some acreage, nicely water, a septic method, a significant shop, and with wild game. Whilst surfing the net for actual estate which would be appropriate for lengthy term sustainability following a SHTF occasion, I identified a listing of a home with a description of amenities that sounded best. In reality, on the way to see the home with our Realtor I commented to my wife that it definitely sounded as well excellent to be accurate.
Incorporated in the description was: “Five year old two,700 s.f. nicely insulated, one particular level house situated on 80 fenced acres, adjacent to 640 acres of State land with mule deer and antelope, year about creek with five acre pond, a detached 36′ x 36′ shop, private nicely and septic method, all situated in the nation, two hours by auto from any extremely populated locations.”
As it turned out, anything was as described, considerably to our surprise and joy. The only issue I would have preferred was a smaller sized home for the two of us. We had had significant residences in the previous when our loved ones was developing but now our desires had been for significantly less. Even that “excess” turned out to be a blessing as I will clarify.
The shop was not insulated or sheet rocked, so that was of highest priority, as I planned to devote lengthy, cold winters in the shop enjoying my hobby as a metal fabricator. Just prior to the perform starting I had an insulated chimney installed for a wood stove. The walls had been framed with 2×4 studs giving only area for R-11 batt insulation. The insulation contractor recommended spray-on foam insulation which has a considerably greater R worth, and so we went with that and I am extremely glad that we did! That stuff not only insulates but it seals anything so that no air can penetrate cracks amongst the studs, et cetera.The subsequent priority was a chicken coop. The shop has covered “wings” on every side for hay storage, and so forth. We had one particular side closed in, insulated it and poured a concrete slab. I fabricated a salvaged fitness center locker installed horizontally to serve as a nesting location with opening to the subsequent area so eggs could be gathered without having getting into the hen home. I also fabricated a “guillotine” door operated from the subsequent area with a winch and cable to open and close the door to let the chickens outdoors to “free range”.
can access the greenhouse by way of the shop and chicken coop. This makes it possible for me to heat the shop and chicken coop with excess heat from the greenhouse through the day. By installing a light on a timer we can supply light through the brief days of winter so that the light and the heat avert the chickens from molting. Therefore, we get stunning eggs, year about.
Adding The Greenhouse
The subsequent improvement was to make the winter greenhouse. Most loved ones greenhouses are only utilized in the spring to get a head begin on developing seedlings and in the fall to extend the developing season. They are usually heated only passively by the sun. This performs extremely nicely, even in the dead of winter, through the day. Evening, on the other hand, is one more story in our zone four climate, requiring an extra heat supply. My target was to develop vine-ripened, heirloom tomatoes year about. So, in the 16′ x 16′ “utility room” subsequent to the greenhouse, I installed a 1000 gallon plastic water tank. I constructed a “rocket stove” water heater to circulate and heat the water in the tank.
When we poured the concrete slab for the greenhouse floor we installed pex piping for radiant heat. I also installed a propane fired “instant” water heater as a backup to heat the water in the tank. Final winter was exceptionally cold but the greenhouse never ever dropped under 45 degrees Fahrenheit at evening. The sun kept it in the 70s and 80s in the daytime. I burned roughly $300 worth of propane that winter which was worth it to get scrumptious tomatoes and other vegetables all through winter. Having said that, that was not exactly where I wanted to be in terms of sustainability. But far more about that later. Keep tuned ’cause it gets extremely fascinating.
The greenhouse itself is 16′ x 36′, not big but significant adequate to preserve a excellent sized loved ones in vegetables year about if managed adequately. I did a lot of study just before beginning to make but, pretty frankly, I was not positive I could reach my target. I did not want to devote a lot of income on engineering costs so I made it myself. The principal crucial is to face the plastic dual glazed windows to the South with the North wall strong and insulated. The east wall (the wall to the utility area) is strong and insulated. The west wall is mainly a sliding dual pane door. This captures the evening sun. The South half of the ceiling is dual glazed plastic and the North half is strong and insulated.
Most people today advise slanting the South wall at an angle that captures maximum heat from the sun. Having said that, I did not want to drop the “headroom” on that side so we constructed that wall vertically. This turned out to be a excellent choice as there is lots of heat from the sun through the day. I need to add that only the upper half of the South wall is open to the sun with the reduced half strong and insulated. This design and style performs excellent! As the low-in-the-sky winter sun crosses from East to West, the greenhouse captures a excellent deal of sun heat and light.
Initially, I believed that I would only be in a position to develop in the winter as I believed it would be as well hot inside through the summer season. Having said that, I was pleasantly surprise to locate that given that the summer season sun moves so far to the north that the north half of the roof (strong and insulated) delivers adequate shade that I can develop inside even in the hottest element of the summer season! It assists that I installed an automatic exhaust fan at one particular finish of the greenhouse with an intake vent at the other finish. I also installed a modest “swamp” cooler which makes it possible for me to develop cooler-loving greens like lettuce and chard year about.
So, I proved to myself that it is totally attainable to raise vegetables year about in an location with a extremely cold winter climate. A pleasant bonus is that a lot of annual plants will preserve generating year about and from year to year when they do not have to knowledge the winter cold. I have tomato plants that have been generating constantly for two ½ years! It is also feasible to make a significant volume of micro greens for sale by way of the winter in a modest location of the greenhouse. I have not accomplished so but a winter greenhouse delivers the atmosphere to supply some revenue if somebody wanted to. I need to ad that anything I have grown has been in soil, or truly in compost. No bland, tasteless hydroponic tomatoes for me!
Now, for the definitely excellent element! As I talked about previously, we have been dependent on fossil fuel (propane) for supplementary greenhouse heat on cold, winter nights. The rocket stove, whilst getting extremely effective, calls for nearly continuous feeding of wood fuel. So I am now installing a micro hydro generator and electrical line from the generator to the greenhouse utility area. This will supply electrical energy to water heater resistance components to heat the water in the 1000 gallon tank previously talked about. We have roughly 500 gpm water flow but only 8′ of head, so the method we are installing is made for a low head, higher flow predicament. It is not a significant method, but in contrast to solar, it will make electrical energy 24 hrs/day. Any excess energy will charge a battery bank for other utilizes. Considering the fact that there will be no requirement for electrical energy for heating in the summer season, the excess electrical energy will be utilized for operating the swamp cooler and exhaust fan and what ever? Perhaps by adding a tiny solar we can turn out to be entirely power independent. Wouldn’t that be good!
In addition to our private nicely I have set up a rain water collection method which collects water from the gutter on the greenhouse and shops it in a 65 gallon plastic tank. Even in our arid climate we have never ever drawn the tank under half complete! Whilst our nicely water is potable it includes a lot of minerals and sodium. Considering the fact that I have a sodium restricted diet program I favor drinking the pure rain water. Plus, in a grid down predicament it could be tricky to pump the deep nicely water. I run the rain water by way of a Berkey water filter giving us with outstanding drinking water!
As a final note, I talked about earlier that we definitely didn’t require such a significant home. Whilst constructing the 16′ x 16′ utility area adjacent to the greenhouse, I decided to place a second story on it for a Tiny Property. We have given that moved in and are loving it! 256 s.f. does not sound like considerably area but by maximizing the utility of each and every s.f. it can be extremely comfy! We have a modest dishwasher, washer/dryer combo, air conditioner, double cook best, convection oven, microwave oven, double bunk bed (additional lengthy), and a bathroom with complete shower. We strategy to rent the significant home to supply some retirement revenue — an extra blessing!
We have not ready for a nuclear fallout situation, IE. no bunker, and so forth. We have decided that we would rather not survive in such a globe. We also have no Bug Out strategy given that we will not bug out for any purpose. At 72 years of age we have no need to be refugees! If the Schumer never ever Hits the Fan, we will have really enjoyed living exactly where and how we now reside. My only regret is that we didn’t move right here sooner! If the S. does HTF, then we are prepared.