Nuclear winter is a hypothetical climatic impact, most normally regarded a possible threat following a countervalue, or city-targeted, nuclear war. Climate models recommend that the ignition of 100 firestorms that are comparable in intensity to that observed in Hiroshima in 1945 would generate a little nuclear winter. The burning of these firestorms would outcome in the injection of soot into the Earth’s stratosphere, creating an anti-greenhouse impact, that lowers the Earth’s surface temperature. With the models concluding that the size of this impact, from the cumulative merchandise of 100 of these firestorms, would unmistakably cool the international climate by about 1 °C for two to 3 years with which the authors speculate, but do not model, would have international agricultural losses as a consequence.
Whereas a considerably bigger quantity of firestorms, which are assumed to be the outcome of any city-targeted, US-Russia total war, is modeled to bring about a considerably deeper nuclear winter, with catastrophic summer season cooling by about 20 °C in core agricultural regions of the US, Europe and China, and by as considerably as 35 °C in Russia.
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