What Specifically is a Bug-Out Bag?


If you are new to prepping, you have doubtlessly noticed bugging-out and the corresponding piece of luggage that all preppers appreciate, the bug-out bag, described all more than the location in self-sufficiency and prepper circles. I know for a truth you have noticed it all more than this incredibly website I have contributed lots on the subject!

But absolutely everyone began someplace, and considering the fact that you are new to prepping you could possibly not know what a bug-out bag is. That is an simple repair, and we are going to take care of that in today’s quick and sweet write-up.

bug out bag

The Bug-Out Bag

The Bug-Out Bag (practically often abbreviated “BOB”- prepper’s appreciate acronyms!”) is a piece of luggage, as a rule a backpack but potentially some other type of bag, that is kept loaded with supplies, gear, weapons and other goodies for the express purposes of life help if a individual ever wants to “bug out,” or in other words flee from their house or shelter to escape imminent danger or a deteriorating scenario.

A BOB’s other salient functions like material, frame style or lack thereof, coloration and other functions are subjects of continual debate amongst prepping advocates and in truth are mainly dependent on an individual’s objectives and preferences.

The final determination of what is or is not a BOB remains that is kept packed and on standby in the case of a Shit-Hit-The-Fan emergency.

The Two Varieties of Bug Out Bags

There are two “types” of BOBs, every with their personal set of gear: urban bug out bags and rural bug out bags.

Preppers in rural or urban settings have various wants, various survival objectives, and various kinds of disasters they are probably to face. The two largest differentiating elements amongst urban and rural scenarios incorporate:

  • population count
  • the distances one particular could possibly have to travel
tom's bug out bag

BOB Essentials

A BOB is just a backpack if you do not have it stuffed with the issues you want to remain alive in an unforgiving and potentially hostile wilderness atmosphere.

Discussing BOB loads for various wants is a college of prepper philosophy in itself, and one particular that I and other authors have written about in good detail correct right here on Survival Sullivan. Be positive and verify out our other articles when you are performed with this one particular.

To get you began, under is a fast down-and-dirty list of the issues you need to be in most BOB’s most of the time. Try to remember, there is no one particular-for-all BOB every one particular is tailored and tuned to the user’s plans, wants and objectives.


  • Tent or Tarp
  • Blanket
  • Reflector blanker
  • Sleeping pad
  • Spare Clothes appropriate for climate

Exposure is one particular of the surest and swiftest killers that preppers will have to face, and unless you reside in one particular of only a couple of best climate zones, you will want to be prepared for it with the issues you want to remain warm or cool accordingly. This involves things like clothes and appropriate shelter and bedding gear like tents, tarps, blankets and potentially sleeping bags.

Meals and Water

  • Meals
  • Utensils
  • Snacks
  • Water
  • Water vessel
  • Water filter and sterilization gear
  • Beverages

You will be burning up calories like a furnace when bugging out, and even if you have ample retailers of fat- ahem, strong fuel- about your middle you will nevertheless want steady, lengthy lasting and simple to prepare meals and snacks for fast calorie intake and prepared power.

Not for nothing at all, a decent meal or even a tasty snack is a good morale booster even when you are in the middle of a crisis and some people, old Tom right here incorporated, get cranky or “hangry” if they miss also lots of servings. You can reside for a lengthy time with out meals but your functionality (which includes your mental functionality) will start out to degrade.

Water is even so an urgent survival requirement, compared to meals. You can go a couple of days with out water, tops, and then it is lights out. The genuine rub is you will be severely debilitated properly just before you die from dehydration, with each physical and mental effects racking up speedy as your water deficit climbs.

You, of course, will want to carry water with you, but water is heavy at about eight pounds per gallon. To offset this, every single BOB will have with it a water filter and water sterilization chemical compounds to make discovered water supplies secure to drink.

fire starter

Fire Beginning

  • Stove with fuel
  • Lighters
  • Storm matches
  • Ferro rod or flint and steel

The capacity to make fire is not the sole concern of preppers in cold climates. Evening time temperatures can plunge even in temperate seasons of warmer climates and if you are exposed outdoors you will be in problems.

A roaring camp fire can preserve you from freezing to death, dry out wet clothes, cook a tasty meal and signal for assist.

The capacity to make a fire in all climate circumstances and employing discovered or carried fuel sources is critical, and no prepper worth their salt will ever carry much less than two fire beginning strategies in even the leanest BOB.

small flashlights


Even if you are a suburban or urban prepper, you need to assume that energy will be out for the duration of your specific occasion or that you will be bugging out to a location with no lights at all.

The capacity to create light on demand and banish the darkness is important. To do this, preppers use a assortment of flashlights, hands-no cost headlamps and supplemental light sources like chemlights.

Lights of all types are also valuable for signaling, marking and communications.

map and compass


When you bug out, you have to know exactly where you are going, how to get there, and exactly where you are. Maps, compasses and hopefully a very good GPS if you can afford one particular (and it nevertheless functions immediately after the occasion) will be necessary to come across your way, even if you consider you know your nearby region like the back of your hand.

first aid items
Initial help things

Healthcare Kit

  • Trauma Kit
  • Initial-Help Kit
  • Prescription Meds

You will have to be the initial-responder for oneself and your loved ones or group members when disaster strikes. A completely equipped health-related kit and the capabilities to make use of it need to be an inseparable element of your kit.

knife handgun and pepper spray on top of bug out bag
Self-defense weapons on best of a bug out bag.

Tools and Weapons

  • Gun
  • Knife
  • Multi-tool
  • Folding saw
  • Duct Tape
  • Vise-grips

You will have lots of issues that want fixing or repairing in the wake of a big disaster, and in the case of human or animal assailants, a couple of issues that want breaking. You will want in your BOB the tools to repair and construct rudimentary issues you want and also defend oneself from an attack.

I extremely propose you verify out our write-up of more than 100 bug out bag essentials for much more issues to add and our best picks.

Other BOB Considerations

Some preppers seek to make their BOBs waterproof or modular in their building for far better flexibility in the field. We have articles covering each ideas for your perusal!


A BOB is your mobile provide space, tool chest, medicine cabinet and armory when the time comes to get out of Dodge. Make positive you take the time to pick out and pack one particular so you are prepared to bug out when the SHTF.

bug out bag Pinterest image


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