Bug out Automobile FAQ (BOV)


Most of us have some sort of bugout by car strategy in location (BOV). The initial queries to answer are what to I will need to carry, and exactly where am I going? Leaving 1 rural region for one more is a far diverse situation than an urban region escape, and a big family members is a far diverse than a single guy.

Very carefully recon and evaluate your BO route. If there are pipeline or energy line rights of way, or abandoned railroad lines, contemplate utilizing them as a route in the course of an emergency. If passable, they could save a lot of miles and will prevent website traffic. Tertiary routes like farm roads, logging trails, and neighborhood roads will be the least crowded and the most most likely route for a prosperous trip.

Most of us have four wheel drive cars for bugout for clear causes. Deciding on such a car is a big investment, so a handful of criteria to retain in thoughts:
Larger is occasionally improved. A complete sized truck or SUV will have adequate energy in low variety to drag wrecked vehicles, trees, and so forth out of the path with a chain or cable. Further cargo space is worthwhile, and a heavy car can be utilised to crash thru a lot of obstacles. Smaller sized cars will match in areas that the complete sized ones will not, and commonly get improved fuel mileage. Look at your route, and what and who you will be hauling.

Superior off-road capable tires are an absolute necessity and the most price powerful modification you can make. Quite a few of us have had great outcomes from BFG All-Terrain tires, and exclusive amongst tire brands in a heavy 3 ply sidewall which is substantially additional resistant to harm. Automobile mounted counter-insurgency operators go thru tires in a major hurry, so obtain great ones and carry a number of repair kits as nicely as an onboard air compressor. Think me, you do not want to inflate a major SUV tire with a hand pump.

Radiators are fragile and extremely topic to harm, and a punctured radiator will leave you stranded in a hurry. A grille or brush guard is a worthwhile accessory. Duct tape, physique filler and cease leak will normally be adequate to get a busted radiator serviceable adequate to retain going, even if you will need to cease just about every 10 miles to add water. Also carry a spare drive belt, most newer cars use a single serpentine belt which will leave every thing un powered if it fails.

Modifications beyond a brush guard for the front finish and great tires are subjective, and have to be balanced with required off-road capability. Although a lift kit and locker form differentials will certainly render the car additional capable off-road, if the BO route does not encompass any rough terrain it possibly advantageous to devote the income elsewhere. Retain in thoughts that a 4×4 with great tires and a restricted slip or locker form rear differential will go just about anyplace a affordable individual will want to go.

Really feel cost-free to add to this, and I will post some pictures later. Ops

I will address the diesel vs. gas in one more post. Right here I will detail some of what was discussed in the initial post.

This is a detail photo of the brushguard installed on the Opsvagen. It is far sturdier than it appears, it has destroyed a mid 80s GM compact and driven away.


This is a detail of the grille guard on the Princess’s Bug Dwelling Automobile. It is a Jeep Cherokee, 4×4 of course, with a great set of tires and heavy duty steel wheels. Note that each cars are equipped with BFG A/Ts.


BOV three will also be valuable as a scout or recon car. It is a Yamaha 350 cc 4×4. Two of us can escape to the hills for two weeks with what we can match on the ATV. It also gets 35 mpg off-road, an critical consideration if fuel is scarce.

Strategy C is off road bicycles for all members of the household.

Several light trucks and SUVs are offered with diesel engines. This selection should really not be overlooked. Although gasoline is additional broadly offered in residential locations, the rest of the globe runs on diesel fuel. Farm and building gear, railroad locomotives, and even deepwater ships run on diesel. These of us who heat with ‘fuel oil’ are heating with diesel fuel. Any farm of any size will have a tank of diesel fuel with pump for the farm gear. Highway trucks commonly have tanks for 250 gallons or additional, and railroad locomotives carry anyplace from 100 to 5000 gallons of diesel.

Diesel is far additional plentiful than gasoline if you know exactly where to appear. A further benefit of diesels is that diesel engines will run on ‘biodiesel’ – commonly soybean or canola oil, kerosene, jet fuel, turpentine, and possibly a handful of other flammable liquids. Just about every quickly meals restaurant has a tank of utilised cooking oil that will run a diesel just fine as soon as the impurities are filtered out.

Diesels are additional fuel effective than gas engines, specifically at low speeds and off-road. They arealso far easier as diesels use the heat of compression for ignition, as an alternative of utilizing a separate electrical ignition program.

The drawbacks of diesels are initial price, and some diesels can be an SOB to start out in cold climate if the glow plug program fails. For a major SUV or off road truck, the higher torque, fuel economy, and multifuel capability of the diesel should really be viewed as.

Please right:

“Just about every quickly meals restaurant has a tank of utilised cooking oil that will run a diesel just fine as soon as the impurities are filtered out. “

Incorrect. Pouring WVO (waste vegetable oil) 100% in a diesel will commonly render it inoperable. In order to run WVO, you will need to pre-heat the oil in the line, preferably as close to the injector pump as achievable.

Several newer Diesel motors will not be as “understanding” when operating WVO. Many troubles.

I’d advocate performing a “blend” of WVO (filtered of course) and Diesel for the un-ready emergency utilization of WVO. For additional extended term use, retro-match to a heater program with a dual fuel beginning program. (study the hyperlink to recognize all my lingo

This is the fundamental stage of my .xls for back county travel.
Automobile particular products. Medkits/meals/water/armory supplies are a separate subject

five Gal Fuel cans steel with a filler neck! (two)
five Gal Water Cans (two)
five Gal drinking water
Brake fluid (1 quart)
Gear oil (1 gal)
Motor oil (four gal) (Diesel application. Gas could get by with two Gal)
Transmission fluid (Hopefully BOV is manual. MT Scout = 1 gal 50wt, AT would be three GAL)
Hand cleaner!
Hoses (1 ea)
belts (two ea)
Roll of paper shop towels
Water pump
Alternator (in a water proof bag)
Wheel bearings
Further locking hub
five additional lug nuts

Toolkit containing:
Lug nut wrench
two sets of open-finish/boxend wrenches in sizes for all bolts on car.
1 set of three/eight drive deep sockets (All bolt sizes on car)
1 set of three/eight drive sockets (ditto)
1 three/eight breaker bar
two three/eight ratchets
1 set of three/eight drive extensions (1″, three”, six” 12″)
1 three/eight drive torque wrench in protective carrying case
four pair of Vise-Grip
Needle nose pliers
Set of screwdrivers
Channel-loc pliers
MAPP Gas + torch (substantially hotter than propane)
Hacksaw with 10 additional blades
Drift, centerpunch and chisel set
10 lbs of frequent assorted bolts, washers, locknuts, nuts.
hand drill (electric drill optional, but have to be in a position to be powered/recharged without having car energy)
set of drill bits in protective case
Duct tape
“QuickSteel(tm)”(two element non-flowing epoxy) _AND_ JBWeld (two element flowing epoxy)
Self-vulcanizing rubber electrical tape (four rolls)
Typical, vinyl electrical tape (1 roll) (go 3M or deal with fraying!)
50 foot spool of lamp cord (thick gauge, effortless polarity identification, heavy insulation, doubles as bailing wire)
Wire stripper (or powerful teeth!)
Hi-Lift jack (a lot of, a lot of makes use of)
Spindle socket in the size for your car (scout = two 1/16″)
Circlip removal tool (inner and outer kit)
Tire puncture repair kits “SafetySeal” brand (five, yes, five…obtaining stuck sucks)
Tow Strap
Silicone RTV sealant “Appropriate-Stuff” in tubes, NOT pressurized cans(three tubes)
Air compressor
Shovel (a great 1 with a manage finish..NO FOLDERS!)
Sweede saw
Leather gloves (hot stuff is not exciting to grab)
Sledge hammer
Ball-peen hammer
Protective goggles (not trivial.. Receiving one thing in the eye 100 miles from healthcare support is undesirable news)
Hydraulic bottle jack
Jack stands (two) (I choose 10 ton semi sized, due to the fact of the height of a 4×4 and the wide base of the stands)
8ft thick canvas tarp (extraction in sand/snow and operating on below the car)
Some form of jaw puller tool
two ft of three/eight” all-thread rod, nuts, and heavy washers for many “field press” makes use of

additions welcome. Try to remember, only products for the car.

The waterpump comes with a gasket. But if it gets hoarked, I can usually just use “The Appropriate Stuff”. That gunk functions amazing.

Yes, add antifreeze to the list. 1 Gal. Brain-fade on my element. Not a lot additional is required, even for my higher capacity cooling program. If factors go seriously south, and I will need to consume the complete 10 gal of water, then maintaining a great mix ratio is the least of my issues. Beneath a failure situation, I’d be draining the current AF mix and straining it via a t-shirt to re-use.

Thanks for pointing it out!

Personally, I like manual hubs on a 4×4. I converted the ones on my explorer and like it a lot. It could be a discomfort to get out in the cold/rain/mud to engage four wheel drive, but it offers me improved MPG on highway, and if something occurs to the front diff I can unlock them and nonetheless travel in 2wd.

I am hunting to fab up a custom front and rear bumper HD style. Want new tires quickly.

Carry spare fluids for every thing. Tire plug kits. Make confident you have a complete size spare (most trucks/SUV’s do).

And if you ever obtain your self needing to cross water/deep mud. Please make confident you verify it initial. I practically drove into a three foot deep water/mud hole. I am quite confident I would have gotten stuck if I attempted.

Subsequent is the subject of route getting. These of us in hurricane nation know the aggravation of five mph on the interstate, and this is a ‘well-planned evacuation.’ Speedy bugout due to terr attacks or hazmat incidents will be worse.

The point is that the contingency planner should really strategy for Interstates to be impassable. Tiny identified is the truth that the military has priority on the interstates, and can pre-empt civilian website traffic. I have personally observed the interstates closed due to a undesirable snowstorm, which should really be adequate to convince anybody that interstates are a undesirable thought. Most interstates parallel the older Federal highways, so jumping onto the ‘old road’ could not be any improved. What is required is a route more than tertiary roads, neighborhood roads, or even energy and pipeline rights of way. Even abandoned rail lines will be passable to a decent 4×4 SUV.

Topozone.com has a complete set of topo maps for all of the US, and should really be utilised to strategy an alternate route. Appear for alternate routes through the map, and then physically go and inspect the route and drive it. Time your travel cautiously, and double or triple it for shtf. Also triple your fuel use to let for cease &amp go driving, detours, and so forth.

Get some off-road knowledge so that you know the vehicle’s and your personal capabilities. Periodically critique your route in the occasion of road adjustments, and so forth.


I’ve got my personal bias towards the DeLorme maps. (TopoUSA5 on DVD).

In any case, you should really strategy for numerous bug-out areas. Look at my personal predicament
I reside 50 miles from operate. Should really a SHTF predicament hit although I am at operate, I have no decision but to bug out. To head household would be going back into higher chokepoint, higher population density locations.
With that, I’ve laid out three directions with six paths. North, East and West (ghasp, west would be a volcano occasion…). South would be a bug-in situation, exactly where I really feel I can safely traverse urban locations to get household. Offered that I have lived most of my life in the region, I’ve got additional surface street understanding stuffed in my head than most pizza deliverers, so I do not will need to route strategy for that.
Each and every BO path has two modes:

1: Slow and steady.
This is exactly where I use rail, trail, tertiary roads, boats, motorcycles, unicycles, stilts, clown vehicles, what ever, to get to the rally point. I’ve produced confident to pre-run the routes and have some intriguing obstacles to overcome, but it really is doable. Principal travel is in my BOV, but if I have to, it really is a somewhat secure foot route.

two: three Minutes to the road.
chokepoint interchanges and retain ahead of the rush of people. Granted, if I do get stuck in website traffic, I’ve believed out the choke-points and anticipated off-ramps to go back to mode #1.

Above all else, prevent big roads that run parallel to freeways. Not a decent route if the roads are clogged. Assume three degrees out from what most folks will take on a particular path.

Or, I could usually bug in at operate



Latest posts