Persons take component in a protest close to the Trump tower, against President-elect Donald Trump, in Chicago, Illinois on November 9, 2016. (Photo: PAUL BEATY, AFP/Getty Pictures)

CHICAGO — Amid an impeachment inquiry in Washington and an ongoing strike by more than 32,000 teachers and school staff, Donald Trump is expected to make his first presidential visit to Chicago on Monday, a city that he often ridicules for how its leaders handle gun violence.

Trump is scheduled to attend a fundraiser Monday morning hosted by Todd Ricketts, Cubs co-owner and Republican National Committee Finance chairman. Later, he will speak at the largest annual gathering of law enforcement leaders in the world, the International Association of Chiefs of Police Conference. 

Police Superintendent Eddie Johnson, this year’s conference host, said he plans to boycott the president’s remarks, a move that pushed Chicago’s Fraternal Order of Police board to issue a vote of no confidence in Johnson.

“As police officers, our job is to be the voice for the voiceless and ambassadors to the communities that we serve,” Johnson said in response to the vote. “I can’t in good conscience stand by while racial insults and hatred are cast from the oval office or Chicago is held hostage because of our views on new Americans.”

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In this March 26, 2019, file photo, Chicago Police Superintendent Eddie Johnson speaks during a news conference in Chicago. (Photo: Teresa Crawford, AP)

Kevin Graham, president of the Chicago’s FOP, called Johnson’s boycott an “insult” to the president.

“I think Superintendent Johnson should not walk out of the president’s speech, particularly when the federal government has sent federal agents and prosecutors to assist the Chicago Police Department with our gun and drug problems,” Graham said.

Even when Trump spoke at last year’s conference in Orlando, Chicago played a central role in his speech.

“There’s no reason for what’s going on there,” Trump said at the time, adding, “The crime spree is a terrible blight on that city.”

Trump has frequently taken aim at Chicago over the years. In a January 2017 interview with ABC, Trump compared Chicago to Afghanistan, saying, “Afghanistan is not like what is taking place in Chicago.” Trump mentioned he would “send in the feds” to repair the city’s “horrible carnage.”

“Persons are getting shot left and suitable, thousands of individuals more than a quick period of time,” Trump mentioned, adding, “Chicago is like a war zone.”

How Chicago has responded to Trump

Chicago hasn’t taken also kindly to Trump’s comments.

In the course of a campaign go to in March 2016, Trump was basically booted out of the city: Protests at a rally at the University of Illinois Chicago prompted organizers to cancel the occasion half an hour just before it was scheduled to start.

Anti-Donald Trump protesters and his supporters confront for the duration of a Trump rally at the UIC Pavilion in Chicago on March 11, 2016. (Photo: TASOS KATOPODIS, AFP/Getty Pictures)

That exact same year, then-Mayor Rahm Emanuel mentioned Chicago would remain a sanctuary city, defying the president-elect’s hardline immigration stance. The city later sued the Justice Department over a plan to withhold federal public safety grants from sanctuary cities. 

Chicago’s new mayor, Lori Lightfoot, has similarly defended her city against criticism from the president and his supporters. In August, when Ivanka Trump tweeted about a weekend of shootings in Chicago, Lightfoot fired back, saying Ivanka Trump had misrepresented the events and had not reached out to city officials.

Provided Trump’s rocky history with Chicago, it really is most likely that Johnson will not be the only a single protesting the president’s go to. The Rev. Marshall Hatch, a pastor at Mt. Pilgrim Missionary Baptist on the city’s West Side, gave Johnson a round of applause at a meeting of faith leaders Wednesday.

“It is a possibility to send a statement from Chicago. This is the a single spot the president has pretty much been fearful to come,” Hatch mentioned. “There’s a pretty active, progressive element in this city. I suspect he’s going to get the type of greeting right here that he does not get in other cities.”

Trump’s speech could worsen the tense connection among police and communities, mentioned Ciera Walker-Chamberlin, a minister in the Jesus Christ Home of Prayer Church and executive director of Reside Totally free Chicago, which functions on mass incarceration and violence prevention.

“Right here in Chicago, we have worked pretty really hard to rebuild trust among police and the neighborhood and the final point we want is for the president to undermine that with a hard-on-crime speech to police chiefs. If he truly desires to assistance, he ought to fund violence prevention applications and assistance criminal justice reforms,” she mentioned.

A demonstrator waits for the start out of a rally with Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump at the University of Illinois at Chicago on March 11, 2016 in Chicago, Illinois. (Photo: Scott Olson, Getty Pictures)

The Rev. Michael L. Pfleger, a pastor at St. Sabina Church and an anti-gun violence activist, mentioned he wrote a letter to the president encouraging him to go to with Chicagoans living on the South and West sides.

“Mr. Trump has continually tweeted and spoken in sound bites about Chicago,” Pfleger mentioned. “Considering the fact that he is coming, take time to listen and find out, to see how he can assistance. If he is only coming to choose up funds, he ought to remain residence.”

Almost three,000 individuals have expressed interest in a Facebook event for a protest of Trump’s visit. The event, called “Get Out of Our House!,” is being organized by groups including Indivisible Chicago and the Chicago Democratic Socialists of America.

“The last time Trump tried to come to Chicago at UIC Pavilion, the Chicago community showed up, forcing Trump to cancel and leave town. We need to do that again, but it’s going to take all of us,” organizers wrote in the event description.

It was not immediately clear if Chicago teachers and school staff would join the protest Monday, which would mark their eighth day of strike.

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Is Trump right about gun violence in Chicago?

Trump often holds up Chicago as a supposed example of how tougher gun laws don’t prevent shootings.

“In Chicago, which has the toughest gun laws in the United States, probably you could say by far, they have more gun violence than any other city,” Trump said in a 2016 presidential debate — a claim that he has since repeated.

That’s not exactly true.

In recent years, Chicago has indeed reported the nation’s most homicides.

But Chicago is also the nation’s third-largest city. Homicide rates in Chicago pale in comparison to those of other cities when taking into account its population of more than 2.7 million people.

Even considering firearm-relatedhomicide rates, specifically, Chicago is not a stand-out.

“When people say that Chicago is the ‘homicide capital of the United States,’ they’re referring to the homicide count,” said Jens Ludwig, director of the University of Chicago’s Crime Lab, which partners with the Chicago Police Department. “Chicago’s actually got a middle-of-the-pack homicide rate, per capita.”

Crime rates in Chicago have generally tracked with trends in other major U.S. cities. But that pattern broke in 2016, when Chicago witnessed a unique surge of gun violence and captured the nation’s attention.

“Chicago had a remarkable spike in homicides, for unclear reasons, in 2016. But since then, it’s recovered by a large percent,” said Phil Cook, a professor at Duke University’s Sanford School of Public Policy. “It looked to all the world like an epidemic outbreak in relatively few neighborhoods.”

A disproportionate amount of that violence occurred in a handful of neighborhoods on the city’s South and West sides. These predominantly African American neighborhoods suffer from high levels of poverty, few job opportunities and often lack basic amenities like grocery stores.

But even at its peak in 2016, Chicago’s homicide rate remained lower than that of smaller cities like Detroit, Baltimore, New Orleans and St. Louis. Chicago’s homicide rate also remained below its own recent peak at the height of the crack cocaine epidemic in the 1990s.

Last year, Chicago again had the nation’s highest number of firearm-related homicides.

But the city’s firearm-related homicide rate, per capita, trailed St. Louis, Baltimore, New Orleans, Detroit, Memphis, Kansas City, Newark and Philadelphia, according to FBI data. In 2018, St. Louis reported a firearm-related homicide rate three times that of Chicago.

For the past two years, shootings and homicides have been declining in Chicago, and 2019 is on track to continue the trend.

Several factors could be contributing to the decline, including an expected leveling-off following the surge of violence in 2016, Ludwig said.

“We’ve generated some evidence that at least part of the cause is management changes at the Chicago Police Department. But there have been a bunch of other activities underway to reduce gun violence in the city,” Ludwig said.

What about Chicago’s ‘toughest guns laws’ in the nation?

Experts say that while Chicago is among the states with stricter gun laws, it’s not the most restrictive.

Illinois ranks eighth in the U.S. for strongest gun laws, according to the Giffords Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence. The organization says Illinois — which became the final state to allow concealed carry in 2013 — hasn’t gone as far as other states on regulating gun dealers, limiting bulk firearm purchases and restricting large-capacity magazines. Its penalties for violating gun laws also aren’t as strong as those of other states.

A 2017 report by the City of Chicago found that stronger state and federal gun laws would help reduce gun violence in Chicago, as a majority of illegally used or possessed firearms recovered in the city could be traced back to states with less regulation over firearms, such as Indiana and Mississippi. Subsequent research has substantiated these findings.

“Cities and states can’t unilaterally regulate the gun problem because guns flow so easily across city and state lines. It’s really going to require federal regulation,” Ludwig said.

Alexandra Filindra, a political science professor at the University of Illinois Chicago, is critical of Trump’s characterization of gun laws in the city.

“It is incredibly naive and simplistic to say that because we have high violence in one area, that means that gun laws are not effective,” Filindra said. “Trump has used Chicago as a dog-whistle in the past, and I think that his visit to Chicago will be interpreted in the same way.”

Follow Grace Hauck on Twitter @grace_hauck.

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